The stock market in Singapore is one of the most dynamic and competitive markets in the world, providing a wide range of investment opportunities for individual and institutional investors. With the introduction of SGX stocks, investors can now access a diverse portfolio of companies listed on the Singapore Exchange. However, with the increasing complexity of the market and the many investment strategies available, it can take time for investors to navigate and make informed decisions.

This article will discuss advanced approaches for SGX stocks in active and passive investing in Singapore. These approaches help investors achieve their investment objectives and potentially maximise their returns.

Fundamental analysis

Fundamental analysis is a widely used approach in stock investing, which involves evaluating a company’s underlying financial and economic factors to determine its intrinsic value. This approach focuses on a company’s long-term prospects rather than short-term market fluctuations. In SGX stocks, fundamental analysis can identify undervalued or overvalued companies, providing opportunities for investors to buy stocks online at a discounted price or sell them when they are overvalued.

To perform fundamental analysis, investors must analyse the company’s financial statements, such as balance sheets, income statements, and cash flow statements. They must also consider broader economic factors affecting the company’s performance, such as industry trends, competitive landscape, and government regulations. Investors can make informed decisions and mitigate potential risks by conducting a thorough analysis.

One of the limitations of fundamental analysis is that it requires significant time and effort to gather and analyse data. The analysis’s accuracy depends on the information’s availability and reliability. However, with technological advancements, investors can now access various tools and platforms that can automate the process and provide real-time data, making fundamental analysis more efficient and reliable.

Technical analysis

Technical analysis evaluates stocks by analysing past market data, such as price movements and trading volumes. This approach is based on the belief that historical patterns can predict future trends in stock prices. In SGX stocks, technical analysis can help investors identify patterns and trends in stock prices, allowing them to make better trading decisions.

Investors use various tools and techniques to perform technical analysis, such as charts, technical indicators, and algorithms. These tools can help identify support and resistance levels, price trends, and potential entry or exit points. Technical analysis is particularly useful for short-term trading strategies, providing insights into market sentiment and short-term price movements.

However, like fundamental analysis, technical analysis also has limitations. It relies on historical data, which may not accurately reflect future market conditions. It requires expertise to interpret the data correctly and make effective trading decisions.

Value Investing

Value investing is an investment strategy focusing on buying and holding undervalued stocks long-term. This approach is based on the belief that the market may not accurately reflect a company’s actual value, providing opportunities for investors to buy stocks at a discounted price. In SGX stocks, value investing can help investors identify quality companies with solid fundamentals trading at a discount.

To identify undervalued stocks, value investors rely on various metrics such as price-to-earnings ratio, price-to-book ratio, and dividend yield. They also thoroughly analyse the company’s financial health and management team. By investing in fundamentally strong companies at a discount, value investors can achieve above-average returns in the long run.

One of the challenges of value investing is that it requires patience and a long-term perspective. The market may take time to recognise the company’s value, resulting in short-term price fluctuations. Identifying undervalued stocks can be subjective and requires extensive research.

Growth investing

Growth investing is an investment strategy focusing on companies with the potential for above-average growth in revenues and earnings. This approach is based on the belief that these companies will outperform the market in the long run, providing investors with significant returns. In SGX stocks, growth investing can help investors identify high-growth companies operating in fast-growing industries.

To identify potential growth stocks, investors look for companies with a competitive advantage, such as innovative products or services, strong brand recognition, and a solid management team. They also evaluate the company’s financial health and future growth potential in its industry.

One of the challenges of growth investing is that it can be risky as these companies may not have a track record of profitability. Valuing high-growth stocks can be challenging as traditional valuation methods may not apply. Growth stocks are often expensive, making them vulnerable to market volatility.

Index investing

Index investing is a passive investment strategy that aims to replicate the performance of a particular market index, such as the Straits Times Index (STI). This approach involves buying a portfolio of stocks that mirror the index’s composition, providing investors with broad diversification and low-cost exposure to the market. In SGX stocks, index investing can help investors achieve average market returns with minimal effort.

Investing in an index or exchange-traded fund (ETF) allows investors to access a diverse portfolio of stocks without selecting individual securities. This approach also minimises the risk of underperforming the market, as the fund’s performance will closely track the index’s performance.

One of the limitations of index investing is that it offers limited potential for significant returns since investors can only achieve average market returns. Investors have no control over which stocks are included in the index, resulting in exposure to underperforming companies.